Lot n° 8
60000 - 80000
Douze folios d’un rare coran sur papier oriental
Eastern Iran, 12th century
Surah al-Ma'ida (5): from the last word of v. 90 to half of v. 104. Surah al-Anʿam (6): from half of v. 46 to v. 61 (missing the last 3 letters). Surah al-Naḥl (16) from v. 27 (sixth word) to the end followed by Surah al-Israʾ (17): vv. 1-9. End of Surah al-Nur (24) followed by Surah al-Furqan (25). Surah As-saffat (37): vv. 165 at the end, followed by Surah Sad (38): vv. 1-22. And Sura Ghafir (40): half of v. 5 to half of v. 27. Ink, gouache and gold on brown paper, 17 ll. per page, in highly stylized kufic script of the "New Style I" type, or "broken cursive", characterized by the triangular shapes of the curled letters such as waw, mim or fa/qaf, and the V-shaped indentations below the base line. Numerous diacritical marks, oblique dashes or diamonds, indicating punctuation (iʿjam) and non-punctuation (ihmal) of consonants with common shapes. Vowels are indicated by red dots according to the ancient tradition. Hamza, shadda, sukun and madda signs in green. The verses separated by golden discs circled in black. Polychrome and golden marginal medallions indicate other divisions. The groups of five verses indicated by an elongated vase with contours enhanced in blue with a central medallion inscribed with the term khams. The ten verses indicated by radiating circular medallions with the term ʿashr in the center. The juz' or hizb separations are marked by rectangles. Sura titles in gold, in New Style, mentioning the place of revelation, ending with a medallion.
Text: 25.5 x 21 cm; Page: 35.5 x 30 cm
Two folios from this or a similar manuscript were sold at Christie's: Arts & Textiles of The Islamic and Indian Worlds, London, 10 October 2014, lot 255. Two other folios are held in the Nasser D. Khalili Collection in London and published in: François Déroche, The Nasser D. Khalili collection of Islamic Art, Oxford, 1992, cat. 95, KFQ74, pp.178-179. Unlike the folios presented here, the four folios mentioned above have had their side margins cut away and their medallions cut and pasted onto the margins. The style of writing, the decoration and the orthoepic signs, allow us to bring this manuscript closer to a production of eastern Iran and Afghanistan, culminating between the eleventh and twelfth centuries (Karame, 2023, p.28). This dating is consistent with the results of radiocarbon analysis of the paper (at 95.4% probability): 1054-1061 CE (1.3%) and 1156-1262 CE (94.1% probability). (Karame, "Ghaznavid Imperial Qurʾan Manuscripts: The Shaping of a Local Style," The word illuminated: form and function of Qurʾanic manuscripts from the seventh to seventeenth centuries, edited by Simon Rettig and Sana Mirza, Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press, 2023, pp.27-53).
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